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ENT Treatments
Otorhinolaryngologists (or Ear, Nose and Throat or ENT Surgeons) are surgical specialists who diagnose, evaluate and manage a wide range of diseases of the head and neck, including the ear, nose and throat regions.
ENT surgeons often treat conditions that affect the senses such as hearing and balance disorders or smell and taste problems. They also treat patients with conditions that affect their voice, breathing and swallowing, as well as those with head and neck tumours including the skull base and interface with
the brain.
ENT surgeons may treat people of all ages from newborn babies to elderly people.
ENT surgeons treat a very wide range of conditions. These include:
 
Ear conditions include:
  • otosclerosis  (a condition of the middle ear that causes hearing loss) and other problems  withhearing and deafness
  • otitis media with effusion – a common condition of childhood (also known as glue ear) in which the middle ear becomes blocked with fluid
  • age related hearing loss
  • tinnitus (ringing in the ears) and eustachian tube dysfunction
  • dizziness and vertigo
  • ear infections
  • perforated ear drum and cholesteatoma
  • protruding ears
     
Nose conditions include:
  • sinus infection and rhino-sinusitis, including in children
  • nasal injuries
  • nasal polyps
  • tumours of the nose
  • nasal obstruction
  • disorders of the sense of smell
     
Throat conditions include:
  • adenoid problems – surgical removal of these small glands in the throat at the back of the noseis  sometimes needed, and is usually performed in childhood
  • tonsillitis, sometimes requiring surgical removal of the tonsils, usually in childhood
  • hoarseness and laryngitis
  • swallowing problems
  • upper airway breathing problems
  • snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea (when breathing stops during sleep)
     
Head and neck conditions include:
  • cancer affecting the mouth, oral cavity, throat (pharynx), voice box (larynx), salivary glands, skull base, or the nose and sinuses
  • thyroid and parathyroid problems
  • facial skin lesions including skin cancer
 
Facial cosmetic surgery is also part of ENT surgery and includes:
  • rhinoplasty (nose surgery)
  • otoplasty (ear surgery)
  • blepharoplasty (removal of excess skin and fat pads around the upper and lower eyelids)
  • facial reconstruction following trauma or cancer